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American Red Cross

Prepare for Disasters Before they Strike: Build A Kit

There are six basics you should stock for your home:
water, food, first aid supplies, clothing and bedding,
tools and emergency supplies, and special items for
medical conditions.

Keep the items that you would most likely need during an
evacuation in an easy-to carry container. Below is a
comprehensive list of what should be included in your kit
recommended items are marked with an asterisk(*). Possible
containers include a large, covered trash container,
a camping backpack, or a duffle bag.

Water * Store water in plastic containers such
as soft drink bottles. Avoid using containers
that will decompose or break, such as milk
cartons or glass bottles. A normally active
person needs to drink at least two quarts of
water each day. Hot environments and intense
physical activity can double that amount.
Children, nursing mothers, and ill people
will need more.
* Store one gallon of water per person per day.
* Keep at least a three-day supply of water
per person (two quarts for drinking, two quarts
for each person in your household for food


* Store at least a three-day supply of
non-perishable food. Select foods that require no
refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little
or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of
sterno. Select food items that are compact and
lightweight. Include a selection of the following
foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit:
* Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables,
* Canned juices
* Staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.)
* High energy foods
* Vitamins
* Food for infants
* Comfort/stress foods

First Aid Kit
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one
for each car.

* (20) adhesive bandages, various sizes.
* (1) 5" x 9" sterile dressing.
* (1) conforming roller gauze bandage.
* (2) triangular bandages.
* (2) 3 x 3 sterile gauze pads.
* (2) 4 x 4 sterile gauze pads.
* (1) roll 3" cohesive bandage.
* (2) germicidal hand wipes or waterless
alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
* (6) antiseptic wipes.
* (2) pair large medical grade non-latex gloves.
* Adhesive tape, 2" width.
* Anti-bacterial ointment.
* Cold pack.
* Scissors (small, personal).
* Tweezers.
* CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield.

Non-Prescription Drugs

* Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
* Anti-diarrhea medication
* Antacid (for stomach upset)
* Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if
advised by the Poison Control Center)
* Laxative
* Activated charcoal (use if advised by the
Poison Control Center)

Tools and Supplies

* Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic utensils*
* Emergency preparedness manual*
* Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*
* Flashlight and extra batteries*
* Cash or traveler's checks, change*
* Non-electric can opener, utility knife*
* Fire extinguisher: small canister ABC type
* Tube tent
* Pliers
* Tape
* Compass
* Matches in a waterproof container
* Aluminum foil
* Plastic storage containers
* Signal flare
* Paper, pencil
* Needles, thread
* Medicine dropper
* Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
* Whistle
* Plastic sheeting
* Map of the area (for locating shelters)

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